Mouth sores are a common condition that many people might experience at some time in their lives. These sores can develop anywhere in your mouth’s soft tissues, including the lips, inside of your cheeks, gums, tongue, and floor and roof. They normally cause slight discomfort and disappear within a week or two. Sometimes, they could indicate a more serious illness, such as an infection or oral cancer.

So, What Exactly are Mouth Sores?

Mouth sores are painful lesions on the mouth’s interior, including the lips, cheeks, tongue, and gums. These sores can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulties eating or speaking, which can be irritating. Mouth sores can be of many different kinds, each with unique causes and symptoms.

What Does a Mouth Sore Look Like?

Mouth sores can appear in various colours of the surrounding tissue, such as white, yellow, red, or purple, depending on the reason.

Various kinds of mouth sores are depicted in the following pictures. The purpose of these pictures is not to diagnose anything. For diagnosis and treatment, it is preferable to see a restorative dentist if you have mouth sores that are not explained, occur again, or linger for an extended time.

What are the Symptoms of  Mouth Sores?

Mouth ulcers are typically easy to notice. They show as sores on the gums, tongue, inner cheeks, inner lips, or roof of the mouth. Several symptoms associated with mouth sores, such as:

  • Pain or Discomfort: Mouth sores can cause pain or discomfort. They might swell around the ulcers, making it difficult to speak, eat, or drink. More pain when you cleanse your teeth.
  • Sensitivity: Mouth sores can make the affected area sensitive to touch, heat, and cold.
  • Inflammation and Redness: The region around the sore could appear red and irritated.
  • Eating and Drinking Difficulties: The size and placement of the sores may make it difficult to chew, swallow, or take in certain meals and liquids. pain that gets worse when one eats meals high in salt, sugar, or spice.
  • Burning or Tingling Sensation: Some individuals might experience an uncomfortable burning or tingling feeling before the sores appear.

Causes of Mouth Sores

Depending on the type of sore, mouth sores can have a variety of causes:

Mouth ulcers: It can Develop for a Variety of Causes, Including

  • Minor tissue harm is caused by dental procedures, such as filling a cavity
  • Biting your tongue or cheek by accident
  • reaction to specific germs that trigger an allergy
  • wearing retainers or braces
  • Using strong or abrasive toothpaste
  • Consuming lots of acidic foods, such as oranges, pineapples, and strawberries
  • Changes in hormones during menstruation
  • Not getting enough sleep

Cold Sores: Type 1 Herpes Simplex Virus is the cause of cold sores (HSV-1). With direct touch with an active sore or the fluid from a blister, the virus can spread quickly.

Oral Thrush: The Candida fungus, which is typically found in the mouth in smaller levels, overgrows and causes oral thrush. Oral thrush may occur as a result of several circumstances, including diabetes, wearing dentures that are too tight, using antibiotics or corticosteroids, and having a weak immune system.

If you experience frequent mouth sores, consult a dentist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment of Mouth Sores

The treatment of mouth sores depends on the underlying cause:

Mouth ulcers: Although the majority of mouth sores heal on their own, a dentist might prescribe medication to help reduce discomfort.

Treatments for mouth ulcers that are often used are:

  • Antiseptic mouthwashes or gels: Brands like Anbesol® and OrajelTM are useful
  • Steroid ointment, which includes triamcinolone
  • Immunosuppressants: Prescribed in extreme circumstances

Cold Sores: The herpes simplex virus that causes cold sores cannot be cured, however, antiviral drugs may reduce the intensity and length of outbreaks. These drugs work best when given at the first sign of a cold sore. Using generic lotions or ointments can help reduce discomfort and aid recovery. This aids in stopping the sores from spreading to other body areas.

To reduce the discomfort of a cold sore:

  • Explore alternative treatments for cold sores
  • Apply creams and lip balms
  • Put some pressure on it
  • Rest and try pain relievers

Oral Thrush: Oral thrush therapy aims to prevent the fungus from spreading rapidly. The optimal course of action is determined by age, health, and the source of the illness. It is possible to stop recurrence by removing underlying reasons.

  1. Healthy Adults and Children

  • Antifungal drugs can come as tablets, lozenges, or a liquid that you swish and swallow.
  • If topical treatments fail, systemic therapy can be prescribed.
  1. Infants and Nursing Mothers

  • Antifungal medications for the newborn.
  • To stop the infection from spreading, apply an antifungal lotion to the mother’s breasts.
  1. Adults With Weakened Immune Systems

  • Antifungal medications are usually suggested.
  • Thrush may return if underlying causes, such as poorly disinfected dentures or inhaled steroid use, are not addressed.


Mouth sores are common and can affect anybody; they form on the gums, tongue, inner cheeks, inner lips, and roof of the mouth. While most heal on their own within a few weeks, but sometimes they might occasionally indicate a more serious problem. Understanding the types, symptoms, and causes of mouth sores allows for more effective therapy. They can also be prevented by practising good dental hygiene, managing stress, and avoiding triggers such as acidic meals. Seek medical advice from an oral surgeon for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment if you often have mouth sores. Taking proactive precautions might help you keep your mouth healthy and prevent unpleasant sores.