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Impacted wisdom teeth develop when your third molars get partially or completely caught in your gums or jawbone. Wisdom teeth usually fail to grow out properly due to a lack of available space in the mouth. An impacted wisdom tooth must be extracted as soon as possible to prevent negative health consequences. Infection, tooth decay, and gum disease are some of the possible consequences.

Until we have dental issues, our teeth are perhaps one of the most neglected portions of our body. One of these issues is the emergence of wisdom teeth, which usually require surgical removal.

Understanding Impacted Wisdom Teeth

The development of teeth happens in stages. Wisdom teeth develop at the age of ten and often emerge between the ages of 17 and 25. On the tooth development timeline, these are the third and final set of large teeth known as molars, which grind against one another as they grow. At the end of the upper and lower gums, wisdom teeth are situated directly at the back of the mouth. The majority of people receive wisdom teeth, which can range from one to four, although some people never develop them.

An impacted wisdom tooth has not fully erupted and grown normally. It can develop in the wrong direction, emerge sideways or at an angle, and either partially emerge or remain buried within your gum. Impacted wisdom teeth are extremely common.

Signs & Symptoms  Of  Wisdom Teeth Impacts

The symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth differ from person to person, and an impacted wisdom tooth likely causes no pain or issues at all. However, in some circumstances, the impacted wisdom teeth might have various symptoms, which are listed below:

  • Discomfort close to the injured area
  • Having bad taste
  • Infection may occur
  • Bad Breath
  • Pericoronitis, or inflammation of the gums
  • Headaches
  • Jaw inflammation
  • Unable to open mouth completely
  • Inflammation of the glands in the neck and shoulders

Further problems, which are described below, may arise if these symptoms are not addressed quickly and are not treated:

  • Periodontal disease
  • Teeth decay
  • Tumours and cysts
  • Realignment of the teeth

Impacted wisdom teeth can result in several oral health issues, even though they may not always be visible. Wisdom teeth that have partially erupted might leave a gap in the gum tissue that can store germs and cause infections.

What is the Common Cause of Impacted Wisdom Teeth?

The major cause of impacted wisdom teeth is not enough space in the mouth to allow their growth. Between the ages of 17 and 26, wisdom teeth often erupt. Under certain circumstances, wisdom teeth can erupt in harmony with the other teeth, usually emerging behind the second molars. However, in many situations, the mouth is too crowded to allow for healthy third-molar growth. The crowded third molars get impacted. Because of this, wisdom teeth might develop at unexpected angles or get stuck beneath the gum line and jawbone.

It is possible for impacted wisdom teeth to partially erupt, exposing parts of the crown. This wisdom tooth is referred to as partially impacted. Fully impacted wisdom teeth are those that never break through the gums.

In either case, the tooth may be partly or completely impacted.

  • Develop at an angle in the direction of the second molar, which is the next tooth.
  • Grow at an angle to the rear of the mouth.
  • Grow at a straight angle to the other teeth, giving the impression that the wisdom tooth is “lying down” in the mandible.
  • Like other teeth, they grow straight up or down but remain stuck within the jawbone.

How are Impacted Wisdom Teeth Treated?

If your impacted teeth are causing discomfort, infection, or other dental problems, wisdom teeth extraction is usually recommended. Many dentists recommend this oral surgery technique as a preventive approach to lessen the risk of future complications.

Typically, wisdom tooth extraction surgery is an outpatient operation. You can go back home the same day.

It is called as wisdom teeth extraction, and it is carried out by an oral surgeon or dentist.

Your doctor may employ anaesthetic medicines to produce a sort of anaesthesia, such as:

  • Using local anaesthetic to numb your mouth
  • Sedation anaesthesia can relax you and block pain
  • General anaesthetic to make you sleep and feel nothing during the operation
  • Before extracting the tooth, the oral surgeon will cut a slit in your gums to remove any problematic bone. They will use stitches to close the incision and gauze to fill up the area

The complete procedure normally lasts between 30 and 60 minutes. It might be more difficult for your surgeon to extract your teeth if they are entirely impacted and stuck deep within your gums or jawbone than if they have broken through the gum.

Risk Factors of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

The extraction of wisdom teeth involves several possible risks and challenges, much like any surgical procedure:

  • If you are between the ages of 17 and 25 and have a narrow jaw structure, you may be more prone to have impacted wisdom teeth. Although it’s impossible to prevent an impacted tooth, maintaining basic dental hygiene will help you steer clear of such issues.
  • Dry sockets occur when the surgical blood clot prematurely (early) separates from your tooth socket, exposing your bone. Avoiding drinking through straws following wisdom tooth removal can help lessen the risk of dry sockets.
  • An infection can occur from food particles, germs, or debris that get stuck in the tooth socket. Antibiotics might be prescribed by your oral surgeon or dentist to treat an infection in your oral cavity.
  • Damage to surrounding tissues: When wisdom teeth are extracted, there is a chance that your jawbone, sinuses, nerves, or other teeth could get damaged. Advanced surgical procedures lessen the risk of these injuries, but they can still occur. To treat this kind of damage, more oral surgical treatments can be required.

Conclusion

If left untreated, impacted wisdom teeth can cause severe pain and major dental health problems. It’s important to get expert dental treatment as soon as you notice any signs or symptoms. Keep your quality of life unaffected by impacted wisdom teeth. To discuss your options for a pain-free, healthy smile, get in touch with The Dental Lounge right now.