Dental implant treatment is a process that involves the replacement of tooth roots with metal screws like posts and the replacement of damaged or missing teeth with artificial teeth that appear and operate almost identical to natural teeth.
These implants form a strong relationship with the jawbone, enabling the dentist or oral surgeon to put new teeth known as crowns. Dental implants are a viable option if you are missing one or more permanent teeth. They are designed to mimic the appearance, feel, and function of genuine teeth.
This article defines dental implants and outlines the complete cycle of the procedure. Additionally, it discusses what to anticipate throughout the treatment and recovery phase.
What Is a Dental Implant Procedure?
An outpatient operation, dental implants use titanium and other biocompatible materials that resemble the root of a tooth when placed in the jaw bone. To ensure that your new teeth are secure and natural-looking, your dentist will use an artificial root to anchor them in place. A series of consultations are required to have dental implants. An implant placement visit, as well as one to install the replacement teeth, is included in this package.
Types of Dental Implants
- Endosteal implants
These implants, which resemble miniature screws, are constructed of safe materials such as titanium.
- Subperiosteal implants
When there is insufficient jawbone to support an endosteal implant, this kind of implant is employed.
Step 1 – Evaluation
The very first step will be to have your teeth, gums, and jawbone examined. It is critical to determine whether or not you have a healthy jawbone to support the implant. If your jawbone is too fragile, a bone transplant or other operation would be recommended before initiating the dental implant procedure. Additionally, your gums should be clear of periodontal disease.
Dental implants are used to replace a single tooth or a set of teeth. When it comes to tooth replacement, the kind and extent of the treatment will be determined by the number of teeth you intend to replace. Anaesthesia options include local, IV, and even general. Before your procedure, your dentist will tell you what kind of anaesthetic you’ll require.
Step 2 – Placing the implant
- For Endosteal Implant
An oral surgeon will make an incision in the gum, uncovering the jawbone below. Holes will be bored deep into the bone to receive the implant post. A temporary, removable denture over the hole will be provided until the permanent tooth can be affixed to the implant.
- For Subperiosteal Implant
With a subperiosteal implant, no holes will be drilled into your jawbone, and the implant post will be put on or above the bone. Swelling and pain are to be expected following any implant procedure, regardless of the kind you choose. The majority of patients resume their normal activities the day after a dental implant is installed.
Step 3- Osseointegration
Following dental implant placement, it may take between two and six months for sufficient new bone to grow around the screw. Osseointegration is the term for this process, which translates to “blending with bone.”
During osseointegration, the native jaw bone strengthens and grows around the dental implant. This secures it in place and allows it to operate as the root of the prosthetic tooth.
Step 4 Abutment placement
Implants are often supplemented by a metal extension known as an abutment. This can be accomplished either during the first procedure during a subsequent small procedure performed under a local anaesthetic
An abutment is a piece of dental implant hardware that connects the replacement tooth to the root. Should a second small procedure be performed to attach an abutment to an implant, the surgeon may need to create an incision if gum tissue has formed over the implant. This is because the implant is covered by a healing cap after placement. While this is intended to safeguard the implant, it also stops tissue from regenerating over it.
Abutments are screwed into dental implants during the second treatment, which takes place after the healing cap has been removed. After that, the gum tissue will develop a protective barrier around the abutment and prevent it from being damaged. It will take weeks for the gums to recover once the abutment is put in place.
Step 5 – Placement of the tooth
Once the healing process is finished, your dentist will take an imprint of your teeth to custom fit your permanent replacement tooth or teeth. These may be permanently attached or detachable.
If you choose a detachable tooth, it will be installed on a metal frame that will be fastened to the abutment of your dental bridge. This sort of tooth can be removed at home and cleaned regularly. If you choose a fixed tooth, it will be firmly cemented or fastened to the abutment.
After the dental implant procedure is complete, notify your dentist if your jaw feels in any way unpleasant or if you suffer any of the following:
- prolonged discomfort
- unbalanced or uneasy bite
Your replacement teeth will have a natural appearance and feel. Their oral health requires frequent brushing and flossing to be in good working order. It is not necessary to use any specific cleaning solutions. You can take care of them in the same manner that you would take care of your natural teeth.
When is it appropriate to see a dentist?
Teeth loss or damage can occur as a result of an accident or an illness. Ask your dentist about your options if you’re troubled by the look of space between your teeth.
Missing teeth can change the look of your jaw and face over time, especially if your other teeth move to fill up the space. Your bite could well be compromised as a result. Consult your dentist or oral surgeon about your tooth replacement choices if you’re missing any teeth.
Crowns, or prosthetic teeth, are placed in the mouth using dental implants. They are often drilled into the jawbone and act as the root of the prosthetic tooth. Dental implant treatments are time-consuming and need many months to complete. Their appearance is natural, and they’re built to endure for many decades.