A dry mouth, also known as xerostomia (zeer-o-STOE-me-uh), occurs when the salivary glands in the mouth fail to produce enough saliva to keep the mouth hydrated. While dry mouth (a lack of saliva in the mouth) is usual when dehydrated or nervous, continuous dry mouth might indicate a more serious condition. Dry mouth is typically not a serious problem that necessitates a doctor’s visit. However, if this continues for an extended period, consult your dentist immediately. It might be a result of medication or what you eat.

Unfortunately, for some, dry mouth is a chronic condition that can negatively influence everyday living. Apart from the physiological consequences, it can also cause individuals to feel extremely insecure in social settings, to the extent that eating and speaking in front of others becomes upsetting.

Do you know what may be causing it and how to deal with it? Many individuals are unaware that there are treatments for dry mouth, which can be caused by more than simply dehydration. This blog post will discuss the reasons for dry mouth and available treatments to help you feel more comfortable and relieved of most of the symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms of Dry Mouth

If you fail to produce enough saliva, you may have the following symptoms all or most of the time:

  • Dryness or a sense of stickiness in the mouth.
  • Saliva that seems stringy and thick.
  • Bad breath.
  • Struggling to swallow, talk, and chew food.
  • Dry or painful throat and hoarseness.
  • The tongue might be dry or grooved.
  • A change in taste perception.
  • Difficulty wearing dentures.
  • Teeth stained with lipstick.

All of these symptoms are the result of a lack of moisture inside your mouth. In addition to corrective dental treatment, a professional dentist can assist you with common dry mouth issues.

Various Causes of Dry Mouth

Saliva is essential to neutralise the acidic attack from bacteria in your mouth. It also helps to chew your food easier and digest it better. A dry mouth can lead to bacterial accumulation, which can result in early gum disease and tooth damage.  Inadequate saliva production can cause bacterial buildup, potentially resulting in early tooth decay and gum disease.

Some Reasons for Dry Mouth Include the Following

  1. Dehydration: Insufficient fluid intake might cause dry mouth.
  2. Salivary Gland Damage or Surgery: The inability to produce saliva may result from surgically removed salivary glands or nerve damage to these glands.
  3. Smoking or Chewing Tobacco: The symptoms of dry mouth might be exacerbated by tobacco usage.
  4. Side Effects of Medication: Several drugs, such as muscle relaxants, antidepressants, and antihistamines, can induce dry mouth.
  5. Ageing: As people age, their bodies may begin to metabolise medications differently, which might cause symptoms of dry mouth.
  6. Medical Conditions: Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, and anaemia are among the diseases that might result in dry mouth.
  7. Cancer Treatment: The amount of saliva produced could be impacted by chemotherapy and radiation therapies for cancer that target the head and neck.
  8. Mouth Breathing and Snoring: While sleeping, snoring or breathing through your mouth can worsen your dry mouth.
  9. Consumption of Alcohol and Tobacco Use: Alcohol and tobacco use can worsen dry mouth issues.
  10. Drug use: Both legal and illegal drug use, including the use of marijuana or methamphetamine, can result in dry mouth.

Dry mouth is a frequent problem that affects people of all ages and can have a substantial influence on their dental health and general well-being.

Solutions for Treating Dry Mouth

There are a few things you might consider to manage dry mouth:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, specifically water.
  • Consume mint, ice chips, or sugar-free hard candy.
  • Avoid beverages containing caffeine, alcohol, or excessive doses of sugar.
  • Use a humidifier in your house.
  • To enhance saliva production, chew sugar-free gum or suck hard candies.
  • Consume a lot of fruits and veggies.
  • Steer clear of salty foods.
  • Breathe through your nose.
  • Get the appropriate medication given by an expert. If you are a smoker, stopping will reduce your chances of developing a dry mouth. It has been proven that smoking reduces the amount of saliva generated by saliva glands.

Having healthy teeth requires more than just teeth whitening; you must also pay attention to these signs to maintain your teeth in excellent health. Patients who are diagnosed with ‘mouth breathing’ at night may need to look at ways to clear nasal blockages or change their sleep behaviours.

Reach out to the dental lounge right now if you’re worried about how dryness is affecting you personally.


Dry mouth, commonly referred to as xerostomia, can have significant adverse effects on your general well-being and dental health. It is essential to identify symptoms and understand the root causes, which can include everything from dehydration and medication side effects to underlying medical conditions and lifestyle decisions. Staying hydrated, taking medicine as prescribed by a dentist, avoiding alcohol and tobacco, and seeking treatment for underlying medical disorders are all ways to manage and lessen the symptoms of dry mouth. Consult a dentist to make sure your oral health is maintained and, if you suffer from chronic dry mouth, explore other treatment options.